Bangalore Real Estate and Property for sale

Geography of India


Location:

Southern Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal, between Burma and Pakistan

 

Geographic coordinates:

20 00 N, 77 00 E

 

Map references:

Asia

 

Area:

total: 3,287,590 sq km
land: 2,973,190 sq km
water: 314,400 sq km

 

Area - comparative:

slightly more than one-third the size of the US

 

Land boundaries:

total: 14,103 km
border countries: Bangladesh 4,053 km, Bhutan 605 km, Burma 1,463 km, China 3,380 km, Nepal 1,690 km, Pakistan 2,912 km

 

Coastline:

7,000 km

 

Maritime claims:

territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin

 

Climate:

varies from tropical monsoon in south to temperate in north

 

Terrain:

upland plain (Deccan Plateau) in south, flat to rolling plain along the Ganges, deserts in west, Himalayas in north

 

Elevation extremes:

lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: Kanchenjunga 8,598 m

 

Natural resources:

coal (fourth-largest reserves in the world), iron ore, manganese, mica, bauxite, titanium ore, chromite, natural gas, diamonds, petroleum, limestone, arable land

 

Land use:

arable land: 54.4%
permanent crops: 2.74%
other: 42.86% (2001)

 

Irrigated land:

590,000 sq km (1998 est.)

 

Natural hazards:

droughts; flash floods, as well as widespread and destructive flooding from monsoonal rains; severe thunderstorms; earthquakes

 

Environment - current issues:

deforestation; soil erosion; overgrazing; desertification; air pollution from industrial effluents and vehicle emissions; water pollution from raw sewage and runoff of agricultural pesticides; tap water is not potable throughout the country; huge and growing population is overstraining natural resources

 

Environment - international agreements:

party to: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

 

Geography - note:

dominates South Asian subcontinent; near important Indian Ocean trade routes